IRIS Transition Track #2: Smart Energy Management and Storage for Energy Grid Flexibility

 

     IS-2.1: Flexible electricity grid networks (PV // batteries // lighting network)

 

The LEM (Local Energy Management) will introduce the following innovative elements: 

  1. enhanced management as well as flexible and optimized operation of a distributed smart grid in the context of an urban district associated to an energetic mix including a large part of renewable energy 
  2. integration of innovative concepts (e.g. Virtual Power Plants, microgrids) together with off-the-shelf components and technologies (e.g. smart meters, EVs, storage components)
  3. algorithms, and open data/information dealing with demand-response optimized schemes, consumer empowerment (including active participation) and autonomous management / self-consumption, and combination and interoperability between distributed (local) energy resources and storage equipment and systems 

 THE IRIS INTEGRATED SOLUTION 2.1 IN EACH OF THE LIGHTHOUSE CITIES 

UTRECHT, THE NETHERLANDS 

 

  • DC based street lighting network 
  • Smart energy management systems 

NICE COTE D’AZUR, FRANCE 

  • LEM (Local Energy Management) 

GOTHENBURG, SWEDEN 

  • DC, solar PV and batteries 

 

 

     IS-2.2: Smart multi-sourced low temperature district heating with innovative storage solutions (excess heat from buildings equipment // heat pumps // thermal storage // decision and citizens apps)

 Innovation lies in the fact that a DHN can operate at the 30-50 oC regime, whereas it is normally operated at 90-120 oC. This can be achieved through technical improvements, as stated in the pre-pilot areas. On top of that innovative algorithms for increasing energy-efficiency in existing DHNs will be used to promote citizens engagement and city planning through i) decision support, ii) intelligent, self-learning and automatically optimized controls for DHN, iii) DHN fault detection and diagnostics when it affects energy efficiency, and iv) cloud based energy management services for DHN. Moreover, innovation covers aspects as the link of a LT DE network with sources of LT waste heat such as the excess heat from buildings (oven, wash machines), stores, computer centrals, etc. These systems provide heat through DHN without high levels of electricity consumption in heat pumps, which is common to the respective existent high-temperature systems in order to reach the distribution of high-temperatures that are demanded. 

 THE IRIS INTEGRATED SOLUTION 2.2 IN EACH OF THE LIGHTHOUSE CITIES 

UTRECHT, THE NETHERLANDS 

  • Low Temperature DE (District Energy) network 

NICE COTE D’AZUR, FRANCE 

  • Medium Temperature DHN (District Heating Network) 
  • Geothermal energy for heating and cooling 
  • PV panels for electricity 
  • LT heating and cooling network 

GOTHENBURG, SWEDEN 

  • Τhermal storage - accumulator tanks 
  • Building thermal inertia storage (own building thermal mass) 
  • Geothermal storage 
  • V2G (Vehicle to Grid) storage 
  • Seasonal storage 
  • PCM (Phase Change Material) storage 
  • District heat integrated system 

  

 

     IS-2.3: Utilizing 2nd life batteries for smart large scale storage schemes (PV // EVs // V2G)

 

The innovative elements will include the reconditioned EVs batteries into being operable and their application as storage mediums in the place of new built batteries. The end-use of such batteries include a) EVs (cars and buses) batteries (TRL8->9) and b) applications as Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) batteries for charging concepts. One important challenge lies on their testing, though demo activities, for the definition of the most optimum charging and discharging cycles to apply during the batteries’ 1st life, so their 2nd life is as profitable as possible. 

 THE IRIS INTEGRATED SOLUTION 2.3 IN EACH OF THE LIGHTHOUSE CITIES 

UTRECHT, THE NETHERLANDS 

  • Solar V2G charging points for e-cars and e-buses 
  • Stationary storage in apartment buildings 

NICE COTE D’AZUR, FRANCE 

  • Stationary storage deployment in buildings and local electric flexibility management (2nd life EV batteries and standard Li-Ion batteries) 

GOTHENBURG, SWEDEN 

  • Battery storage 
  • Vehicle pool